What was the difference between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?

May 6, 2021 Off By idswater

What was the difference between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?

John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were known as social contract theorists as well as natural law theorists. However, they are both completely different in terms of their stand and conclusions in several laws of nature. Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher from Malmesbury.

What did Thomas Hobbes say about the government?

Once again, Thomas Hobbes stated that people need a strong government that can protect their natural rights and liberties, and more importantly protect them from each other. As a return, people have to engage in a social contract with the government.

How is the state of nature different from Hobbes?

In contrast to Hobbes, the natural laws exposed by Locke exist in the state of nature. And, because they go against the freedom of individuals, they are considered fundamental traits of human nature. The state of nature is not the equivalent of a state of war.

What did John Locke think about the role of government?

Generally speaking, Locke advocated that the primary function of a government must be the protection of people’s natural rights. Government of any sort should grant freedom to all peoples regardless of their differences according to Locke. He admitted that the nature of every human being is different and unique.

What type of government did Hobbes think was best?

Hobbes promoted that monarchy is the best form of government and the only one that can guarantee peace. In some of his early works, he only says that there must be a supreme sovereign power of some kind in society, without stating definitively which sort of sovereign power is best.

What did John Locke believe was the best form of government?

In this light, Locke believed that the best form of government is direct democracy. Locke believed that the best form of government had to have limited power. By the term limited power Locke meant that there had to be an existence of checks and balance.

What are the similarities between Locke and Hobbes?

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both have made contributions to modern political science and they both had similar views on where power lies in a society. They both are in favor of a popular contract or constitution, which is where the people give the power to govern to their government.

What did Locke believe to be the purpose of government?

According to Locke, the main purpose of government is to protect those natural rights that the individual cannot effectively protect in a state of nature.