What was the history of the opium trade?

April 28, 2021 Off By idswater

What was the history of the opium trade?

See Article History. Opium trade, in Chinese history, the traffic that developed in the 18th and 19th centuries in which Western countries, mostly Great Britain, exported opium grown in India and sold it to China.

What was the role of opium in the Opium War?

While there are many examples of the use of opium as an instrument of state power, perhaps the two most well-known examples are the role of opium in trade relations, and the use of opium as a source of revenue for the state. Between 1856 and 1860, Britain fought China (in the Second Opium War) over the right to trade with China.

Why did Britain fight the Second Opium War?

Between 1856 and 1860, Britain fought China (in the Second Opium War) over the right to trade with China. The British victory ensured that European powers would have continued access to the Chinese market for opium.

Where did the Opium War take place in China?

Opium and the West’s Embrace of Free Trade. In the decades leading up to the first Opium War, trade between China and the West took place within the confines of the Canton System, based in the southern Chinese city of Guangzhou (also referred to as Canton).

See Article History. Opium trade, in Chinese history, the traffic that developed in the 18th and 19th centuries in which Western countries, mostly Great Britain, exported opium grown in India and sold it to China.

What were the causes and results of the Opium Wars?

The first Opium War was the result of China’s attempt to suppress the illegal opium trade, which had led to widespread addiction in China and was causing serious social and economic disruption there. British traders were the primary source of the drug in China.

What did the British East India Company do with opium?

The British East India Company establishes a monopoly on the opium trade. All poppy growers in India were forbidden to sell opium to competitor trading companies. 1799

How did Great Britain win the Opium War?

Great Britain won the first Opium War. The opium trade continued, and China had to compensate Great Britain for its losses, give Hong Kong Island to the British, and increase the number of treaty ports where the British could trade and reside. Great Britain and France won the second Opium War.