What happened in the election of 1876 and how did it bring about the end of Reconstruction?

February 5, 2021 Off By idswater

What happened in the election of 1876 and how did it bring about the end of Reconstruction?

The presidential election of 1876 led to the end of Reconstruction. In this election, the Republican Party nominated Rutherford B. Hayes, an Ohioan, while the Democratic Party ran Samuel Tilden, a New Yorker. The independent eventually withdrew, and the Congress selected a Republican to replace him.

How did election of 1876 end Reconstruction?

In backroom negotiations, Democrats conceded the disputed election returns to Hayes in return for his agreement to withdraw the reamaining 3000 federal troops, thereby putting a formal end to Reconstruction and assuring Democratic control, based on a platform of white supremacy and black disenfranchisement, throughout …

Who was the winner of the Electoral College in 1876?

The 1876 Electoral College. In 1876, when the nation went to the polls to elect Grant’s successor, Democratic candidate Samuel Tilden, governor of New York, emerged with a lead of more than 260,000 popular votes.

What was the result of the Compromise of 1877?

The Compromise of 1877 had a major effect on the former slaves. There was a dispute over electoral votes in the election of 1876. The South agreed to let the Republican candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes, win the election in order to get federal troops out of the South that were enforcing Reconstruction.

What did Hayes promise to do if elected?

As Eric Foner recounts in his book Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction, Hayes had pledged in his acceptance of the nomination to bring “the blessings of honest and capable local self government” to the South if elected—a statement that could be taken as code for ending Reconstruction.

What was the economic downturn in the south in 1873?

But a severe economic downturn in 1873 had plunged the country into its severest depression to date, with widespread unemployment and plummeting cotton prices that hampered the South’s postwar economic recovery.

What was the situation in the United States in 1876?

The platforms. The 1876 election occurred in the midst of an economic depression in the United States and continuing sectional animosity, particularly in the South, where opposition to federal occupation and Reconstruction had grown.

How many electoral votes did Tilden have in 1876?

The election was deadlocked, however, Tilden had 184 electoral votes, one vote short of the required majority. Four states, Oregon, South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida had disputed elections, and those states held 20 electoral votes.

What was the result of Hayes compromise in 1876?

In the compromise, Hayes received the electoral votes in the states where the results were disputed. This gave Hayes the presidency. In return, the federal troops that were enforcing Reconstruction were removed from the South. Once the federal troops left the South, Reconstruction ended.

The 1876 Electoral College. In 1876, when the nation went to the polls to elect Grant’s successor, Democratic candidate Samuel Tilden, governor of New York, emerged with a lead of more than 260,000 popular votes.