Can Graves disease cause eye problems?

January 9, 2021 Off By idswater

Can Graves disease cause eye problems?

In some people, an eye problem known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy may develop if hypothyroidism develops after treatment for Graves’ disease — the most common form of overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). Graves’ ophthalmopathy can cause eye discomfort, protruding eyeballs and vision changes.

Why does Graves disease cause eye problems?

Eye problems result from the swelling of tissues, muscles and fat in the socket behind the eye. This swelling causes exophthalmos, an abnormal protrusion of the eye, commonly associated with Graves’ disease. The eyelids and membranes may retract as they swell. This can lead to exposure and infection of the cornea.

What are the eye symptoms of Graves disease?

Graves’ ophthalmopathy

  • Bulging eyes.
  • Gritty sensation in the eyes.
  • Pressure or pain in the eyes.
  • Puffy or retracted eyelids.
  • Reddened or inflamed eyes.
  • Light sensitivity.
  • Double vision.
  • Vision loss.

Will my eyes go back to normal after Graves disease?

Will my eyes go back to normal after treatment? Most patients think once their medical doctor treats the body’s thyroid problem the eyes will go back to normal. This is often not the case. In some patients the eyes worsen in the months and years after medical treatment despite the body being stabilized.

How do you prevent bulging eyes in Graves disease?

Keeping the head elevated in bed at night can help reduce swelling from the thyroid eye to a certain extent. Selenium supplements can help if eye swelling is mild. Medications such as steroids and immunosuppressants that treat inflammation also bring down the swelling.

How do you fix bulging eyes from Graves disease?

HOW IS GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY TREATED?

  1. Apply cool compresses to your eyes.
  2. Wear sunglasses.
  3. Use lubricating eyedrops.
  4. Elevate the head of your bed.
  5. Prisms: If double vision is a problem, glasses containing prisms may be prescribed by your doctor.
  6. Steroids.
  7. Eyelid surgery.
  8. Eye Muscle Surgery.

Can you live a long life with Graves disease?

Patients who develop thyroid storm have a 20 to 50% chance of dying. In general, if your hyperthyroidism is caught early and you control it well with medication or other options, experts say your Graves’ disease life expectancy and prognosis is favorable.

What is the root cause of Graves disease?

Scientists do not know the exact cause of Graves’ disease. We know that, somehow, the body’s immune system is tricked into targeting receptors on the thyroid gland, causing hyperthyroidism. Research suggests that Graves’ disease may be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.