How much of Spain is at risk of desertification?

September 25, 2020 Off By idswater

How much of Spain is at risk of desertification?

74%
Spain is the most worrying example: according to the National action programs (NAPs) for the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) about 74% of Spain is at risk of desertification and 18% at high risk of becoming irreversibly desert.

What are the causes of desertification in Spain?

Desertification at present is mainly due to forest fires, the loss of soil fertility of irrigated land by salinization, and erosion. Climate change will deteriorate soil fertility through a loss of carbon from the soil (4,6,8).

Is Spain getting drier?

Spain’s Changing Climate Like so many places around the world, Spain is getting warmer and drier because of the climate crisis. The Mediterranean region of Spain has already warmed about 1.5 degrees Celsius – more than the global average of 1.1 degrees Celsius – since the Industrial Revolution.

How has Spain been affected by climate change?

Global warming is happening at an accelerating rate in Spain. In 2020, the average temperature in the country was 1.7 degrees Celsius higher than the average in preindustrial times, between 1850 and 1900. What’s more, the rate of warming has accelerated in the last few decades, rising a cumulative 1.3ºC in 60 years.

Is Europe at risk of desertification due to climate change?

Climate change scenarios indicate an increasing vulnerability to desertification in the EU throughout this century, with increases in temperatures and droughts and less precipitation in southern Europe. Its effects will be particularly acute in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Bulgaria and Romania.

Will Spain become a desert?

A 2016 study spelled disaster for the lush Mediterranean region due to human activity. By 2100, southern Spain will have transformed into a desert, researchers have found — unless drastic measures are taken, like, now, to slash carbon emissions to curb the worsening effects of global warming.

What environmental problems does Spain have?

The three areas that people in Spain are most concerned about overall are climate change/global warming (24.2%), pollution (12.2%) and water scarcity (9.7%) although the first two did decrease compared to 2019.

Does Spain suffer from drought?

Spain suffers it worst drought in 70 years. The Catalonia region, home to Barcelona, is the worst-hit, with reservoirs just 20.1 percent full.

How does Spain help the environment?

In 2018 Spain announced an ambitious environmental policy that would see the country end its dependence on fossil fuels and instead draw 75 percent of its electricity from renewables by 2030, rising to 100 percent by 2050. It is a renewable energy plan that seeks to reverse rising carbon emissions.

What are the 3 climate zones in Spain?

Some regions can very cold during the winter and extremely hot in the summers. The climate of Spain can be generally categorized according to 3 groups – Continental, Mediterranean, and Oceanic. Modest continental atmosphere is experienced in inland areas of the Peninsula such as the city of Madrid.

Why is it important to stop desertification?

Combating desertification yields multiple local and global benefits and helps fight biodiversity loss and global climate change. Efforts to reduce pressures on dryland ecosystems need to go hand in hand with efforts to reduce poverty as both are closely linked.