What does avium mean in medical terms?

August 28, 2020 Off By idswater

What does avium mean in medical terms?

Reviewed on 3/29/2021. Mycobacterium avium: A slow-growing bacterium found in the soil and in dust particles that causes tuberculosis in birds and swine and is responsible for the mycobacterium avian complex (MAC) in humans.

What disease is caused by Mycobacterium avium?

MAC lung disease is an infection caused a group of bacteria called Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). MAC includes two closely related species, Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare, and may also be referred to as MAI.

How do you get MAI infection?

MAI infection occurs clinically in 18%-27% of AIDS patients, with a higher proportion noted at autopsy. MAI can be isolated from many environmental sources including soil and water. Transmission of the pathogen is thought to be due to inhalation or ingestion of the organism (inhalation for pulmonary disease).

What causes Mycobacterium?

Nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease is caused by infection with specific bacterial germs known as mycobacteria. These germs are commonly found throughout the environment. Most people do not become sick when exposed to these germs.

What are the symptoms of Mycobacterium avium?

Symptoms

  • Fever.
  • Sweating.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fatigue.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Anemia.

What causes bronchiectasis?

Bronchiectasis is often brought on by damage from another condition that affects the lungs. Even an airway blockage, like a growth or a noncancerous tumor, can lead to bronchiectasis. Though it is most often linked to cystic fibrosis, many other conditions can trigger bronchiectasis such as: Autoimmune disease.

What is the life expectancy of someone with bronchiectasis?

Most people diagnosed with bronchiectasis have a normal life expectancy with treatment tailored to their needs. Some adults with bronchiectasis developed symptoms when they were children and live with bronchiectasis for many years. Some people, who have very severe bronchiectasis, may have a shorter life expectancy.