What are the risk factors associated with low infant birth weight?

August 27, 2020 Off By idswater

What are the risk factors associated with low infant birth weight?

Are you at risk of having a low-birthweight baby?

  • Preterm labor.
  • Chronic health conditions.
  • Taking certain medicines to treat health conditions, such as high blood pressure, epilepsy and blood clots.
  • Infections.
  • Problems with the placenta.
  • Not gaining enough weight during pregnancy.

Is maternal age risk factor for low birth weight?

The risk of low birth weight decreased with the increase of maternal age until 36 years old (OR = 0.917, 95%CI: 0.903, 0.932 when maternal age was younger than 27 years old; OR = 0.965, 95%CI: 0.955, 0.976 when maternal age ranged from 27 to 36 years old), then increased when maternal age was older than 36 years old ( …

What are low birth weight and maternal diabetes risk factors for?

Low Birth Weight as a Risk Factor for Gestational Diabetes, Diabetes, and Impaired Glucose Tolerance During Pregnancy. Small size at birth as a risk factor for the development of diabetes or other metabolic disorders has been described in numerous populations over the past 2 decades (1–12).

What does a low birth weight indicate?

Very low birth weight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 3 pounds, 4 ounces. The main cause of very low birth weight is being born too early, called premature birth. Treatment for very low birth weight babies includes care in the NICU, temperature-controlled beds, and special feedings.

How do you treat low birth weight babies?

Treatment for low birth weight often includes:

  1. Care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)
  2. Temperature-controlled bed.
  3. Special feedings. Sometimes these are given through a tube into the stomach if a baby cannot suck. Or they are given through an IV (intravenous) line.

What is maternal age risk?

Maternal age: The age of the mother at the time of delivery. Advanced maternal age is usually defined as age 35 or more at delivery. Advanced maternal age predisposes to Down syndrome (trisomy 21). The risk of having a Down syndrome baby rises with maternal age.

What is macrosomia?

Overview. The term “fetal macrosomia” is used to describe a newborn who’s much larger than average. A baby who is diagnosed as having fetal macrosomia weighs more than 8 pounds, 13 ounces (4,000 grams), regardless of his or her gestational age. About 9% of babies worldwide weigh more than 8 pounds, 13 ounces.

What are the causes of low birth weight?

What causes low birthweight? The primary cause is premature birth, being born before 37 weeks gestation; a baby born early has less time in the mother’s uterus to grow and gain weight, and much of a fetus’s weight is gained during the latter part of the mother’s pregnancy.

What is a healthy birth weight?

The average birth weight for babies is around 7.5 lb (3.5 kg), although between 5.5 lb (2.5 kg) and 10 lb (4.5 kg) is considered normal. In general: Boys are usually a little heavier than girls. First babies are usually lighter than later siblings.

What is the healthiest birth weight?

The average birth weight for babies is around 7.5 lb (3.5 kg), although between 5.5 lb (2.5 kg) and 10 lb (4.5 kg) is considered normal. In general: Boys are usually a little heavier than girls.

What causes baby low weight at birth?

The primary cause is premature birth, being born before 37 weeks gestation; a baby born early has less time in the mother’s uterus to grow and gain weight, and much of a fetus’s weight is gained during the latter part of the mother’s pregnancy. Another cause of low birthweight is intrauterine growth restriction.