What is the organization of oil exporting countries of the Middle East?

July 17, 2020 Off By idswater

What is the organization of oil exporting countries of the Middle East?


Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Official language English
Type International cartel
Membership show 13 states (March 2020)

What percentage of OPEC countries are in the Middle East?

According to current estimates, 79.4% of the world’s proven oil reserves are located in OPEC Member Countries, with the bulk of OPEC oil reserves in the Middle East, amounting to 64.5% of the OPEC total.

Who are the OPEC plus countries?


  • The non-OPEC countries which export crude oil are termed as OPEC plus countries.
  • OPEC plus countries include Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Brunei, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Oman, Russia, South Sudan and Sudan.

Which country in the Middle East has the most oil?

Saudi Arabia
While the largest importer of oil and petroleum is the United States, the leading producer of oil in the Middle East is Saudi Arabia with over 12 million barrels of oil produced per day as of 2018.

Which state is largest producer of petroleum in India?

Crude Oil

State/Source 2014-15 2018-19
Gujarat 4,653 4,626
Rajasthan 8,848 7,667
Tamil Nadu 241 395
Total Onshore 18,538 17,336

What is bad about crude oil?

Crude oil not only destroys the insulating properties of animal fur and bird feathers, which can lead to hypothermia, but it also impairs animals’ abilities to fly and swim, sometimes causing oiled animals to drown. Spilled oil also can harm life because its chemical constituents are poisonous.

What does crude oil do to a human body?

Health Effects on Adults Breathing the fumes from crude oil are known to cause chemical pneumonia, irritation of the nose, throat, and lungs, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, loss of coordination, fatigue, nausea, and labored breathing. Chronic exposure can result in irregular heartbeats, convulsions, and coma.

Who owns most of the world’s oil?

According to the most recent data, the top five oil-producing nations are the United States, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Canada, and China. The United States overtook Russia in 2017 for the second-place spot and surpassed former leader Saudi Arabia a year later to become the world’s top oil producer.

What countries are members of OPEC?

The current OPEC members are the following: Algeria , Angola , Ecuador , Equatorial Guinea , Gabon , Iran, Iraq, Kuwait , Libya , Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo , Saudi Arabia (the de facto leader), United Arab Emirates , and Venezuela. Indonesia and Qatar are former members.

What country imports petroleum?

It is importing petroleum crude oil from around 45 countries and Russian Federation & Saudi Arabia are its main crude petroleum oil exporter country. China is followed by United States of America, India and Japan.

What is the main goal of OPEC?

OPEC’s objective is to co-ordinate and unify petroleum policies among Member Countries, in order to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers; an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations; and a fair return on capital to those investing in the industry.

How many countries are in OPEC?

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC, /ˈoʊpɛk/ OH-pek) is an intergovernmental organization of 14 nations, founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait , Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela), and headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria.