Where is the host file located in Ubuntu?

May 31, 2020 Off By idswater

Where is the host file located in Ubuntu?

The hosts file on Ubuntu (and indeed other Linux distributions) is located at /etc/hosts . As it happens, this is actually a surprisingly effective method of blocking malicious websites, and even adverts.

Where is Apache hosts file?

By default on Ubuntu systems, Apache Virtual Hosts configuration files are stored in /etc/apache2/sites-available directory and can be enabled by creating symbolic links to the /etc/apache2/sites-enabled directory.

Where is the Apache configuration file in Ubuntu?

The main configuration details for your Apache server are held in the “/etc/apache2/apache2. conf” file.

Which command used for check Apache configuration and activate the Virtualhost?

Apache2 reads this file when staring.

  1. Use the a2ensite helper to enable the virtual host file with the command: sudo a2ensite phxnap1.com.
  2. Repeat the process for the second domain by typing: sudo a2ensite phxnap2.com.
  3. Next, verify the configuration file syntax is correct using the command: sudo apachectl configtest.

How do I host a file in Ubuntu?

Enter the following command: sudo nano /etc/hosts. The sudo prefix gives you the necessary root rights. The hosts file is a system file and is especially protected in Ubuntu. You can then edit the hosts file with your text editor or terminal.

What is localhost in Ubuntu?

In ubuntu, the local server by default is referred by the name “localhost”. However, you can also create a custom domain name for you local server instead of using localhost.

What is document root in Apache?

The DocumentRoot is the top-level directory in the document tree visible from the web and this directive sets the directory in the configuration from which Apache2 or HTTPD looks for and serves web files from the requested URL to the document root. For example: DocumentRoot “/var/www/html”

What is virtual hosting in Apache?

The Apache HTTP Server’s built in virtual hosting allows the server to provide different information based on which IP address, hostname, or port is being requested. A complete guide to using virtual hosts is available online at http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.0/vhosts/.

How do I enable Apache on Ubuntu?

Debian/Ubuntu Linux Specific Commands to Start/Stop/Restart Apache

  1. Restart Apache 2 web server, enter: # /etc/init.d/apache2 restart. $ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart.
  2. To stop Apache 2 web server, enter: # /etc/init.d/apache2 stop.
  3. To start Apache 2 web server, enter: # /etc/init.d/apache2 start.

Does Ubuntu come with Apache?

Apache is available within Ubuntu’s default software repositories, making it possible to install it using conventional package management tools.

How do I check if Apache is working?

Apache HTTP web server Go to http://server-ip:80 on your web browser. A page saying your Apache server is running properly should show up. This command will show whether Apache is running or has stopped.

How do I find the httpd conf syntax?

Verify your Apache HTTP Server configuration conf configuration file. Going over the whole configuration file searching for typos may be a cumbersome task, but thankfully Apache provides a way to scan your httpd. conf file for any syntax errors. This can be done by using the configtest tool from the apachectl program.