What is a runoff in government?

May 14, 2020 Off By idswater

What is a runoff in government?

Two-round system, a voting system used to elect a single winner, whereby only two candidates from the first round continue to the second round, where one candidate will win. Instant-runoff voting, an electoral system whereby voters rank the candidates in order of preference.

What are examples of runoff?

Runoff is defined as excess water draining away from land or buildings. The overflow of water that drains off of your driveway is an example of runoff. Dissolved chemicals, etc, included in such water. The runoff of nitrates is poisoning the lake.

What is a meaning of runoff?

(Entry 1 of 2) 1 : a final race, contest, or election to decide an earlier one that has not resulted in a decision in favor of any one competitor. 2 : the portion of precipitation on land that ultimately reaches streams often with dissolved or suspended material.

What’s the difference between a runoff and a primary?

(especially in the southern U.S.) a second primary between the two leading candidates of the first primary to provide nomination by majority rather than by plurality.

Where does the majority of surface runoff go?

Only about a third of the precipitation that falls over land runs off into streams and rivers and is returned to the oceans. The other two-thirds is evaporated, transpired, or soaks ( infiltrates) into groundwater. Surface runoff can also be diverted by humans for their own uses.

Is there a bill to eliminate primary runoffs?

North Carolina HB 177 (2017): This bill would have eliminated primary runoffs. Iowa SB 483 (2017): This bill would have required a majority vote in primaries, and thus calls for primary runoffs when an election is “inconclusive.”

Why is runoff important to the water cycle?

Runoff is nothing more than water “running off” the land surface. Just as the water you wash your car with runs off down the driveway as you work, the rain that Mother Nature covers the landscape with runs off downhill, too (due to gravity). Runoff is an important component of the natural water cycle.

(especially in the southern U.S.) a second primary between the two leading candidates of the first primary to provide nomination by majority rather than by plurality.

When do you need a runoff in Mississippi?

Mississippi: A runoff is required between the top two candidates unless one candidate gets a majority. Runoff elections are normally held three weeks after the primary. North Carolina: A runoff (they call it a second primary) is not required if a candidate gets a “substantial” plurality–which is defined as 30 percent of the vote plus one.

Do you have to go to a runoff in Oklahoma?

A runoff is not required in any case unless the second-highest vote-getter calls for a runoff. Runoff elections are normally held seven weeks after the primary. Oklahoma: Provisions are the same as in most other states–a majority is required to preclude a runoff, otherwise the two top candidates go to the runoff.

Where does stormwater runoff go after it leaves the ground?

Drainage ditches to carry stormwater runoff to storage ponds are often built to hold runoff and collect excess sediment in order to keep it out of streams. Runoff from agricultural land (and even our own yards) can carry excess nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus into streams, lakes, and groundwater supplies.