What is externalization in migration?

May 13, 2020 Off By idswater

What is externalization in migration?

The term “externalization” is used by a range of migration scholars, policy makers and the media to describe the extension of border and migration controls beyond the so-called ‘migrant receiving nations’ in the Global North and into neighboring countries or sending states in the Global South.

What is border externalization?

“Border Externalisation”, the transfer of border controls to foreign countries, has in the last few years become the main instrument through which the European Union seeks to stop migratory flows to Europe. Italy plays a central role in border externalisation.

What exactly is asylum?

Asylum has two basic requirements. First, asylum applicants must establish that they fear persecution in their home country. Second, applicants must prove that they would be persecuted on account of at least one of five protected grounds: race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or particular social group.

What is the correct term for asylum?

“If someone is seeking asylum, they are seeking asylum. “I was very surprised to see that distinction between genuine and non-genuine asylum. It may be rejected but the seeking [part] is a fact.” EU rules allow a country such as the UK to return an adult asylum seeker to the first European country they reached.

What is the meaning of externalization?

In Freudian psychology, externalization (or externalisation) is an unconscious defense mechanism by which an individual “projects” their own internal characteristics onto the outside world, particularly onto other people.

What is externalization in business?

That shift is called externalization, which virtually every company today is involved in. Externalization basically refers to sharing resources (business and technical) with partners, suppliers, channels and customers.

Which state is good for asylum?

In 2019, New Hampshire was ranked #2 overall in U.S. News and World Report’s 2019 Best States rankings and #1 for opportunity—making it appealing to refugees from all over the world.

What’s the difference between refugee and asylum-seeker?

Definition: An asylum seeker is someone who claims to be a refugee but whose claim hasn’t been evaluated. Someone is an asylum seeker for so long as their application is pending. So not every asylum seeker will be recognised as a refugee, but every refugee is initially an asylum seeker.

What are the different types of asylum?

The right of asylum falls into three basic categories: territorial, extraterritorial, and neutral. Territorial asylum is granted within the territorial bounds of the state offering asylum and is an exception to the practice of extradition.

Is the externalization of ownership?

The term externalization is also used with regards to corporations. A corporation that externalizes its costs onto society and the environment is not taking full responsibility and ownership of these costs. An example might be the discharge of untreated toxic waste into a river where people wash and fish.

How does externalization of migration controls affect asylum seekers?

Consequently, asylum-seekers who would otherwise have been able to avail themselves of asylum procedurals, social support, and decent reception conditions are often consigned to countries of first arrival or transit that have comparatively less capacity to ensure rights and process claims in accordance with international standards.

How does externalization affect the rights of refugees?

As we have seen with respect to the refugee policies pursued by Australia in Nauru, the EU in Libya and the US in Mexico, externalization prevents people from exercising their right to seek asylum, puts them at risk of other human rights violations and inflicts serious physical and psychological harm on them.

What does externalization mean in relation to migration?

Such proposals are emblematic of externalization, a migration management strategy that has won increasing favour among countries in the Global North, denoting measures taken by states beyond their borders to obstruct or deter the arrival of foreign nationals lacking permission to enter their intended destination country.

What happens if an asylum seeker is found to be a refugee?

Put simply, if an asylum seeker arrives in a country that is party to the Convention, the authorities have a duty to consider their application for refugee status and grant them permission to stay if they are found to be a refugee.

Consequently, asylum-seekers who would otherwise have been able to avail themselves of asylum procedurals, social support, and decent reception conditions are often consigned to countries of first arrival or transit that have comparatively less capacity to ensure rights and process claims in accordance with international standards.

As we have seen with respect to the refugee policies pursued by Australia in Nauru, the EU in Libya and the US in Mexico, externalization prevents people from exercising their right to seek asylum, puts them at risk of other human rights violations and inflicts serious physical and psychological harm on them.

Such proposals are emblematic of externalization, a migration management strategy that has won increasing favour among countries in the Global North, denoting measures taken by states beyond their borders to obstruct or deter the arrival of foreign nationals lacking permission to enter their intended destination country.

Is the US on the externalization bandwagon?

The Trump administration in the US has also joined the externalization ‘bandwagon’, refusing admission to asylum seekers at its southern border, forcing them to remain in Mexico or return to Central America.