What are the effects of a niacin deficiency in the diet?

April 14, 2020 Off By idswater

What are the effects of a niacin deficiency in the diet?

Severe deficiency, called pellagra, can cause symptoms related to the skin, digestive system, and nervous system. They include: thick, scaly pigmented rash on skin exposed to sunlight. swollen mouth and bright red tongue.

What happens if you have a deficiency in niacin?

Niacin (vitamin B3) deficiency results in a condition known as pellagra. Pellagra includes the triad of dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea and can result in death. Niacin deficiency can occur through genetic disorders, malabsorptive conditions, and interaction with certain medications.

Why do we need niacin in your diet?

Niacin plays an important part in breaking down fats, carbohydrates, and alcohol in the digestive system. Having enough vitamin B3 also helps to prevent pellagra, which causes digestive issues such as vomiting and diarrhea, along with other symptoms. Niacin may help to keep your skin cells safe from sun damage.

What happens if someone doesn’t have enough vitamin B3 niacin in the body?

You can develop niacin deficiency if you don’t get enough niacin or tryptophan from the foods you eat. Severe niacin deficiency leads to a disease called pellagra. Pellagra, which is uncommon in developed countries, can have these effects: Rough skin that turns red or brown in the sun.

What is the treatment for niacin deficiency?

Treatment of Niacin Deficiency Nicotinamide is usually used to treat niacin deficiency, because nicotinamide, unlike nicotinic acid (the most common form of niacin), does not cause flushing, itching, burning, or tingling sensations. Nicotinamide is given in doses of 250 to 500 mg orally daily.

What niacin does to the body?

Niacin is a B vitamin that’s made and used by your body to turn food into energy. It helps keep your nervous system, digestive system and skin healthy. Niacin (vitamin B-3) is often part of a daily multivitamin, but most people get enough niacin from the food they eat.

What are some factors that affect a person’s diet?

While one woman chooses vegan products, another prefers more meat. The diet choices made when choosing the foods that you put in your body are often as subconscious as they are conscious. Factors affecting a person’s diet could include income level, age and level of education.

How are diets and nutrition related to chronic diseases?

4. Diet, nutrition and chronic diseases in context The diets people eat, in all their cultural variety, define to a large extent people’s health, growth and development. Risk behaviours, such as tobacco use and physical inactivity, modify the result for better or worse.

How does diet affect person with chronic kidney disease?

With chronic kidney disease, waste builds up in the blood, making people sick, according to the National Kidney Foundation. The diet for chronic kidney disease limits foods that contribute to the buildup of waste. It is low in protein, sodium, potassium, phosphorous and fluid, says the University of Maryland Medical Center.

Why are people more likely to eat unhealthy foods?

People who have a lower income are more likely to eat unhealthy foods, points out the British Food Standards Agency. Unfortunately, unhealthy foods are often the most affordable, leading low-income families into a life of unhealthy eating and obesity along with poverty.

What happens if you have a niacin deficiency?

One form of niacin deficiency results from a deficiency of niacin and tryptophan (an amino acid). This form causes a disorder called pellagra, which affects the skin, digestive tract, and brain. Pellagra develops only if the diet is deficient in niacin and tryptophan because the body can convert tryptophan to niacin.

How are niacin deficiency and pellagra related?

NAD deficiency is linked to disease through genetic and environmental means. Severe niacin deficiency causes pellagra, characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and death. Although pellagra is rare today, niacin deficiency that is caused by dietary inadequacies, malabsorption of nutrients, and drug interference is still observed.

What foods were the poorest sources of niacin?

In the 1800s, pellagra was common among poor Americans whose diets consisted mostly of corn, molasses, and salt pork — all poor sources of niacin. Today, most people in the developed world get plenty of niacin in their diets.

How does the body convert niacin to protein?

Niacin also helps the body make sex- and stress-related hormones and improves circulation and cholesterol levels. Tryptophan is one of the amino acids that makes up protein. Your liver can convert tryptophan from high-protein foods like meats and milk into niacin.