What are the main factors affecting the location of oil refineries?

March 11, 2020 Off By idswater

What are the main factors affecting the location of oil refineries?

Factors affecting location of oil refineries include: Source site or Field-Based Refineries. Intermediate Locations….Field-Based Refineries:

  • Many oil refineries are located on the oil fields themselves.
  • For refineries based on fields in such countries the greatest advantage is the proximity of the crude oil.

How do we decide refinery configuration?

A refinery’s configuration and performance characteristics are determined primarily by the refinery’s location, vintage, availability of funds for capital investment, available crude oils, product demand (from local and/or export markets), product quality requirements, environmental regulations and standards, and …

What is the ideal location of an oil refinery in a city class 9?

13.4 What is the ideal location of an oil refinery in a city ? [1] Ans : An oil refinery should be situated at the outskirts of a city, because it generates a lot of polluting gases and acquires large space to layout plant. 14. Questions 14.1 to 14.4 are based on the Table A.

What is refinery planning?

Planning of refinery activities ranges from determining which crude oil types to acquire to which products that should be produced and sold in the market. The scheduling ranges from scheduling of crude oil unloading and blending to blending of components to finished products.

What is the difference between refinery and petrochemical?

Refineries focus on fuels production. Refinery products include LPG (liquefied petroleum gas), gasoline (petrol), kerosene and jet fuel, diesel, fuel oils, and coke. Petrochemicals focus on creating intermediates used to produce industrial and consumer products.

What are the five basic refining processes?

The basic five refining processes are:

  • separate (by distillation or absorption)
  • crack (breaking large chains of molecules into smaller ones)
  • reshape (rearranging of molecular structure)
  • combine (combining smaller molecules to make larger ones)
  • treat (chemical removal of contaminants)

    What is Hydroskimming refinery?

    A hydroskimming refinery is defined as a refinery equipped with atmospheric distillation, naphtha reforming and necessary treating processes. However, a hydroskimming refinery produces a surplus of fuel with a relatively unattractive price and demand.

    What is refinery LP?

    Refinery linear program (LP model) – The LP is a tool used to find the margin maximizing crude and product slate for a refinery, subject to the market and operational constraints that a refinery faces at a given point in time.

    What are the stages of oil refining?

    Three major types of operation are performed to refine the oil into finished products: separation, conversion and treating.

    What is an example of a petrochemical?

    Petrochemicals, produced from petroleum, can be classified as olefins and aromatics [70]. Olefins include ethylene, propylene, and butadiene which are raw materials for making plastics. Aromatics include benzene, toluene, and xylene which are raw materials for making dyes and synthetic detergents.

    Is Coke a petrochemical?

    Stated succinctly, coke is the “carbonization product of high-boiling hydrocarbon fractions obtained in petroleum processing (heavy residues)”. Petcoke is also produced in the production of synthetic crude oil (syncrude) from bitumen extracted from Canada’s oil sands and from Venezuela’s Orinoco oil sands.

    What is the process of refining?

    Refining breaks crude oil down into its various components, which are then selectively reconfigured into new products. Petroleum refineries are complex and expensive industrial facilities. All refineries have three basic steps: Separation.

    Which is the deciding factor for location of petroleum refineries?

    Refineries need skilled workers. And skilled workers=mobile. Hence labour is not the deciding factor for location. State highways connect it to industrial regions in A’bad, Vadodara, Bharuch (helps its synthetic textile units in those districts).

    Why are oil refineries important to the environment?

    The most important factor in finding a location for a refinery is that the location passes important Government and EPA regulations based on the impact that the refinery would have on the environment, close residential areas, endangered species, and Native American burial grounds.

    Why are petroleum refineries located in coalfields?

    For Petroleum refineries, the raw material sources were less decisive factors for industrial location. Because industries were already setup in coalfields and did not move away due to industrial inertia. Petroleum refining does not lead significant weightloss, unlike the aluminum/copper/sugarcane/timber processing.

    Is it better to build a refinery near a production site?

    Oil refining close to production site represents a weightloss of 10-11 % only= not much cost saving in transport even if located near raw material site. Counter argument: refined products have higher rate of evaporation, therefore it is better to set up the refinery near the source.

    Which is the deciding factor for location of a refinery?

    Hence labour is not the deciding factor for location. State highways connect it to industrial regions in A’bad, Vadodara, Bharuch (helps its synthetic textile units in those districts). Same Sikka port facilitates exports to more than 25 countries, including to the US and Europe.

    What should I consider before starting a crude oil refinery?

    These are some of the factors you should consider before choosing a legal entity for your mini crude oil refinery business; limitation of personal liability, ease of transferability, admission of new owners, investors’ expectation and of course taxes.

    How does the complexity of a refinery affect profitability?

    Refinery complexity impacts the cost as well as revenue for refiners, and so it impacts the profitability of a refining company. The cost of crude oil processed by a refinery depends on market prices for crude oil.

    Why are petroleum refineries located near Market location?

    Challenges: environmental activism/laws/regulations fears of explosion, terrorism. Hence becoming difficult to setup refineries near market location. Benzene= liquid, evaporates quickly, hazardous to transport. Therefore synthetic fiber factories located near/inside petrochemical industry.