What is the definition of a oligarchy government?

March 9, 2020 Off By idswater

What is the definition of a oligarchy government?

Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. Oligarchies in which members of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise their power through their wealth are known as plutocracies.

What is a democracy government?

Democracy is government in which power and civic responsibility are exercised by all adult citi- zens, directly, or through their freely elected rep- resentatives. Democracies conduct regular free and fair elections open to citizens of voting age.

What are three forms of an oligarchy government?

Oligarchy exists in different forms such as aristocracy, plutocracy, kratocracy, stratocracy, timocracy, meritocracy, technocrachy, geniocracy, noocracy, theocracy, kritarchy and patricracy.

What are 2 types of oligarchies?

The correct answer is D (theocracy and communism) because the definition of an oligarchy is when a group of people rules over a majority.

What do we call a government by the people citizens?

Democracy. Democracy, meaning “rule of the people”, is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament. Democracy is sometimes referred to as “rule of the majority”.

What is the difference between plutocracy and aristocracy?

The main difference between plutocracy and aristocracy is that plutocracy is the government by the wealthy, whereas aristocracy is the government by the nobility, the hereditary ruling class. Both plutocracy and aristocracy are two forms of oligarchy, which refers to the rule by an elite few.

What makes an oligarchy a form of government?

An oligarchy is a form of governance in which administrative power is vested in a select few people. The class of people in power is distinguished by wealth, family ties, nobility, military or religious control.

Who are the oligarchs in the United States?

The Islamic oligarchs took power after the death of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in 1989. His replacement, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has placed his family and allies into high government posts and controls the elected president. Many economists contend that the United States is now or is becoming an oligarchy.

What did Aristotle mean by the term oligarchy?

Aristotle used the term oligarchy to designate the government of a few when it was unjustly exercised by the best men, but who at the same time were the most unjust. In this sense, it is a degraded form of aristocracy, denoting government by a few in whom power rests with the best individuals.

What does the Iron Law of oligarchy mean?

The theoretical “iron law of oligarchy” holds that all political systems eventually evolve into oligarchies. Coming from the Greek word oligarkhes, meaning “few governing,” an oligarchy is any power structure controlled by a small number of people called oligarchs.

What countries have an oligarchy form of government?

Oligarchy is from the Greek word oligarkhes, and it means “few governing.”. Three of the most well-known countries with oligarchies are Russia, China, and Iran. Other examples are Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and apartheid South Africa.

What type of government does oligarchy have?

Oligarchy is a form of government. In an oligarchic system, all the power is held by a small group of people. It is usually to the most powerful people who govern the state. It was used in Sparta, where the kingship alternated between three leading families. An oligarchy where the best rule is called Aristocracy.

Who rules in an oligarchy?

An oligarchy is a group of rich people (usually men, though it can include women) who rule a country or a city-state. There’s no one person in charge, and of course over time the rich people get old and retire and their children or relatives join the council instead.

Who makes the decisions in an oligarchy?

In an oligarchy, a few rulers control the government. These rulers gain their power and maintain their authority as a result of their wealth or another form of influence. The oligarch rulers make decisions to benefit themselves financially and with little regard for the wishes or best interests of the people they govern.