Is our universe a de Sitter space?

November 2, 2019 Off By idswater

Is our universe a de Sitter space?

The current observations indicate that the universe is expanding in an accelerated rate, and may approach de Sitter space asymptotically (Perlmutter 1999). The discovery of a nonzero cosmological constant suggests that our universe asymptotes to a de Sitter space-time in the infinite future (I+).

What did Willem de Sitter discover?

The development of general relativity and its application to cosmology by German-born physicist Albert Einstein, Dutch mathematician Willem de Sitter, and other theoreticians, along with the detection of extragalactic redshift (a shift to the longer wavelengths of light from galaxies beyond the Milky Way) by American …

What is Friedman model of universe?

Friedmann universe, model universe developed in 1922 by the Russian meteorologist and mathematician Aleksandr Friedmann (1888–1925). He believed that Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity required a theory of the universe in motion, as opposed to the static universe that scientists until then had proposed.

What is the expanding universe theory?

noun. the theory, developed from the observed red shifts of celestial bodies, that the space between galaxies is expanding, so that they appear to recede from us at velocities that increase with their distanceSee also oscillating universe theory.

Is de Sitter asymptotically flat?

Only spacetimes which model an isolated object are asymptotically flat. An even simpler generalization, the de Sitter-Schwarzschild metric solution, which models a spherically symmetric massive object immersed in a de Sitter universe, is an example of an asymptotically simple spacetime which is not asymptotically flat.

Is de Sitter space flat?

These are flat (Minkowski) spacetime, de Sitter spacetime (obtained when the cosmological constant is positive) and Anti-de Sitter spacetime (when the cosmological constant is negative).

What is de Sitter spacetime?

In mathematical physics, n-dimensional de Sitter space (often abbreviated to dSn) is a maximally symmetric Lorentzian manifold with constant positive scalar curvature. It is the Lorentzian analogue of an n-sphere (with its canonical Riemannian metric).

Is universe closed?

If the universe’s density is great enough for its gravity to overcome the force of expansion, then the universe will curl into a ball. This is known as the closed model, with positive curvature resembling a sphere. A mind-boggling property of this universe is that it is finite, yet it has no bounds.

Why is space time flat?

On a cosmic scale, the curvature created in space by the countless stars, black holes, dust clouds, galaxies, and so on constitutes just a bunch of little bumps on a space that is, overall, boringly flat. is easily explained, too: spacetime is curved, and so is space; but on a large scale, space is overall flat.

How does the de Sitter model the universe?

It models the universe as spatially flat and neglects ordinary matter, so the dynamics of the universe are dominated by the cosmological constant, thought to correspond to dark energy in our universe or the inflaton field in the early universe.

Is the Einstein-de Sitter universe a good approximation?

The Einstein–de Sitter model remains a good approximation to our universe in the past at redshifts between around 300 and 2, i.e. well after the radiation-dominated era but before dark energy became important. ^ Einstein; and De Sitter (1932).

When did the Einstein de Sitter theory become popular?

The Einstein–de Sitter universe was particularly popular in the 1980s, after the theory of cosmic inflation predicted that the curvature of the universe should be very close to zero.

Which is an example of de Sitter space?

Another application of de Sitter space is in the early universe during cosmic inflation. Many inflationary models are approximately de Sitter space and can be modelled by giving the Hubble parameter a mild time dependence.