What are three disorders that cause dysphagia?

August 10, 2019 Off By idswater

What are three disorders that cause dysphagia?

Some neurological causes of dysphagia include:

  • a stroke.
  • neurological conditions that cause damage to the brain and nervous system over time, including Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, dementia, and motor neurone disease.
  • brain tumours.
  • myasthenia gravis – a rare condition that causes your muscles to become weak.

How can you tell the difference between oropharyngeal and esophageal dysphagia?

Oropharyngeal dysphagia is typically due to difficulty initiating a swallow and is generally due to structural, anatomic or neuromuscular abnormalities. Esophageal dysphagia arises after the swallow and causes include intrinsic structural pathology, extrinsic compression, or disruption in normal motility.

What are the most common complications of dysphagia?

Complications

  • Malnutrition, weight loss and dehydration. Dysphagia can make it difficult to take in adequate nourishment and fluids.
  • Aspiration pneumonia. Food or liquid entering your airway when you try to swallow can cause aspiration pneumonia, because the food can introduce bacteria to the lungs.
  • Choking.

Is dysphagia a neurological disorder?

Having trouble swallowing (dysphagia) is a symptom that accompanies a number of neurological disorders. The problem can occur at any stage of the normal swallowing process as food and liquid move from the mouth, down the back of the throat, through the esophagus and into the stomach.

What can be mistaken for dysphagia?

One disorder that can be confused with dysphagia is a tracheo-esophageal fistula. A tracheo-esophageal fistula is open communication between the esophagus and the trachea that often develops due to cancers of the esophagus but which may also occur as a congenital (inborn) birth defect.

How do you rule out dysphagia?

Tests may include:

  1. X-ray with a contrast material (barium X-ray).
  2. Dynamic swallowing study.
  3. A visual examination of your esophagus (endoscopy).
  4. Fiber-optic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES).
  5. Esophageal muscle test (manometry).
  6. Imaging scans.

What are 4 complications of dysphagia?

Complications of Dysphagia

  • Dehydration.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Weight loss.
  • Respiratory problems, such as aspiration pneumonia or respiratory infections.
  • Fatigue.
  • Cognitive confusion.
  • Loss of dignity.
  • Feelings of isolation, anxiety and depression.

Does dysphagia ever go away?

Dysphagia is a another medical name for difficulty swallowing. This symptom isn’t always indicative of a medical condition. In fact, this condition may be temporary and go away on its own.