What is the origin of Indian National Congress?

June 13, 2019 Off By idswater

What is the origin of Indian National Congress?

On 28 December 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay, with 72 delegates in attendance. Hume assumed office as the General Secretary, and Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee of Calcutta was elected president.

What significance did 1916 have for the Indian National Congress quizlet?

31, 1916. The meeting at Lucknow marked the reunion of the moderate and radical wings of the Congress. The pact dealt both with the structure of the government of India and with the relation of the Hindu and Muslim communities.

Why is Gandhi wearing traditional clothes?

From the elaborate Gujarati attire, he decided on a simple dhoti and shawl. This epoch-making decision was taken by Gandhiji in Madurai after he decided that he has to work for and with the with the poor people of India and how can he identify with them if he wears different clothes from them.

Who was the founder of the Indian National Congress?

Dadabhai Naoroji formed the East India Association in 1867 and Surendranath Banerjee founded the Indian National Association in 1876. The Congress was founded in 1885 by Indian and British members of the Theosophical Society movement, including Scotsman Allan Octavian Hume.

Why was the British Committee of the Indian National Congress established?

‘ The British Committee of the Indian National congress’ was established in Britain by the Indian National Congress in 1889. Its purpose was to raise awareness of Indian issues to the public in Britain, to whom the Government of India was responsible.

When did the Indian National Congress become a mass party?

The 1905 partition of Bengal saw the party transforming into a mass movement. The extremist faction was led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. The party split openly in the Surat session in 1907. The congress truly became a mass party with the arrival of Mahatma Gandhi, who returned from South Africa in 1915.

When was the first session of Indian National Congress?

The Indian National Congress conducted its first session in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885 at the initiative of retired Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume. In 1883, Hume had outlined his idea for a body representing Indian interests in an open letter to graduates of the University of Calcutta.

What was the name of the Indian National Congress?

Alternative Titles: All-India Congress Party, Congress (I) Party, Congress Party, Indian National Congress-Indira. Indian National Congress, byname Congress Party, broadly based political party of India. Formed in 1885, the Indian National Congress dominated the Indian movement for independence from Great Britain.

What is the social policy of Indian National Congress?

Congress social policy is based upon the Gandhian principle of Sarvodaya –the lifting up of all sections of society–which involves the improvement of the lives of economically underprivileged and socially marginalised people.

What did the British do to the Indian National Congress?

British authorities responded by imprisoning the entire Congress Party leadership, including Gandhi, and many remained in jail until 1945. After the war the British government of Clement Attlee passed an independence bill in July 1947, and independence was achieved the following month.

When did the Indian National Congress gain steam?

In fact, the Sepoy Rebellion of 1858 is considered to be one of the earliest examples of Indian revolt against British rule in India. With that said, the Indian Independence Movement gained steam throughout the 1880s and beyond due to the establishment of the Indian National Congress.