What does the Constitution say about a census?

June 6, 2019 Off By idswater

What does the Constitution say about a census?

Legal basis. The U.S. census is mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: “Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States… according to their respective Numbers… .

What is Article 1 Section 3 of the Constitution about?

The Constitution confers on the U.S. Senate legislative, executive, and judicial powers. Finally, Article I, Section 3 also gives the Senate the exclusive judicial power to try all cases of impeachment of the President, the Vice President, or any other civil officer of the United States.

How is the number of electors in each state determined?

Presidential elections take place quadrennially. The process is regulated by a combination of both federal and state laws. Each state is allocated a number of Electoral College electors equal to the number of its senators and representatives in the U.S. Congress.

Which is the sole function of the electors?

The sole function of the presidential electors is to cast, certify, and transmit the vote of the state for President and Vice President of the nation. Control and regulation of state and municipal elections rest with the state. A state is free to conduct its elections and limit its electorate as it may deem wise.

How are the electors for president and vice president appointed?

They act by authority of the state that in turn receives its authority from the Federal Constitution. By the Constitution of the U.S., the electors for President and Vice President in each state are appointed by the state in such manner as its legislature may direct [xiii].

What is the power of the States to elect federal representatives?

Thus, the power of the states for electing federal representatives encompasses nearly every procedural facet of a federal election. The Elections Clause grants to the states broad power to prescribe the procedural mechanisms for holding congressional elections [vi].

How are the members of the House of Representatives chosen?

The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature. Section Two provides for the election of the House of Representatives every second year.

How does Congress have the power to regulate?

By its terms, Art. I, § 4, cl. 1 empowers both Congress and state legislatures to regulate the “times, places and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives.” Not until 1842, when it passed a law requiring the election of Representatives by districts, 358 did Congress undertake to exercise this power.

Who are the Senators and representatives of the United States?

All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

What is the role of Congress in Article I, Section 4?

By its terms, Article I, Section 4, Clause 1, also contemplates the times, places, and manner of holding elections being prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof, subject to alteration by Congress (except as to the place of choosing Senators).