What is a democracy and who holds the power in a democracy?

June 4, 2019 Off By idswater

What is a democracy and who holds the power in a democracy?

Democracy, which derives from the Greek word demos, or people, is defined, basi- cally, as government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. In some forms, democracy can be exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents.

What does the government have control over?

Only the federal government can regulate interstate and foreign commerce, declare war and set taxing, spending and other national policies. The Treasury Department’s duties, for example, include printing and regulating money. The president also serves as commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

How does the government work in a democracy?

Democracy is a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting. In a direct democracy, the citizens as a whole form a governing body and vote directly on each issue. In a representative democracy the citizens elect representatives from among themselves.

How is the US government based on People Power?

Demos kratos literally translates to “people power.” The United States government is based on an idea of a democracy where people have power—but citizens do not actually vote on every issue. Rather, they elect people (representatives) who vote on matters for them. This is different than the direct democracy of Athens.

Who is the head of government in a parliamentary democracy?

Parliamentary democracy is a representative democracy where government is appointed by or can be dismissed by, representatives as opposed to a “presidential rule” wherein the president is both head of state and the head of government and is elected by the voters. Under a parliamentary democracy, government is exercised by delegation to an …

How are the powers of the majority exercised in a democracy?

In a constitutional democracy the powers of the majority are exercised within the framework of a representative democracy, but the constitution limits the majority and protects the minority, usually through the enjoyment by all of certain individual rights, e.g. freedom of speech, or freedom of association.

Who is in control of the United States government?

Some political theorists, however, argue that a minority of citizens, economic and political elite, control the government and others have no influence. This belief is called the elite theory of government or elitism . According to this theory, the United States is, in fact, an oligarchy where power is concentrated in the hands of the few.

How is the idea of control related to democracy?

The idea of control or power is central to the notion of democracy, since the ideal is one of givingkratosto thedemos: giving maximal or at least significant control over government to the people.

What is the role of the government in a democracy?

The first role of a government in democracy is to withhold the rights of its citizens. Democracy does not allow violation of the rights of citizens. A government, which cannot protect its citizens from violation of all kinds to their rights, is not democratic.

How does representative democracy work in the United States?

Representative Democracy in the U.S. In the United States, representative democracy is employed at both the national government and state government levels. At the national government level, the people elect the president and the officials who represent them in the two chambers of Congress—the House of Representatives and the Senate.