What are the water soluble vitamins and their deficiency diseases?

May 21, 2019 Off By idswater

What are the water soluble vitamins and their deficiency diseases?

There are nine water-soluble vitamins: the B vitamins — folate, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 — and vitamin C. Deficiency of any of these water-soluble vitamins results in a clinical syndrome that may result in severe morbidity and mortality.

What are the water soluble vitamins and their functions?

Water-soluble vitamins

Nutrient Function
Biotin Part of an enzyme needed for energy metabolism
Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) Part of an enzyme needed for protein metabolism; helps make red blood cells
Folic acid Part of an enzyme needed for making DNA and new cells, especially red blood cells

What are some examples of water soluble vitamins?

A list of water-soluble vitamins, coenzymes, and functions are shown in table 14.1. The B vitamins discussed in this section include thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, biotin, folic acid, cobalamin, and choline .

How are water soluble vitamins flushed out of the body?

The water-soluble vitamins are regularly flushed out of the body, along with excess water. A healthy and balanced diet helps replenish the levels of these vitamins. This article provides information on the same. Vitamins are classified as water soluble and fat soluble.

Are there any water soluble vitamins in food coloring?

High-dose thiamine supplements do not seem to have any adverse effects and the tolerable upper intake level hasn’t been established. However, supplements do not appear to have any benefits for those who get adequate amounts from their diets. Riboflavin is the only water-soluble vitamin used as a food coloring.

How are vitamins stored in the human body?

Vitamins are classified as water soluble and fat soluble. The former cannot be stored in the body, as they dissolve in water, whereas the latter can be stored in the body, as they dissolve in fats or lipids.

What vitamins are considered to be water soluble?

Folate, vitamins B6, and B12 belong to the group of water-soluble B vitamins that occur naturally in food. Leafy green vegetables (such as spinach and turnip greens), fruits (such as citrus fruits and juices), and dried beans and peas are all natural sources of folate.

Are water soluble vitamins good food sources?

Water-soluble vitamins include the vitamin B-complex and vitamin C, and are essential nutrients needed daily by the body in very small quantities. The B-complex vitamins can be found in a variety of enriched foods like cereal grains and breads, as well as other foods such as meat, poultry, eggs, fish milk, legumes, and fresh vegetables.

Which of these vitamins is water soluble?

There are a total of nine water-soluble vitamins: the B vitamins — folate, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 — and vitamin C.

What are the disadvantages of water soluble vitamins?

Any excess of water-soluble vitamins is quickly excreted in urine and will rarely accumulate to toxic levels. With that being said, certain types of water-soluble vitamin, such as vitamin C, can cause diarrhea if taken in excess.