Which Antilipemic agent is most potent?

April 7, 2019 Off By idswater

Which Antilipemic agent is most potent?

Niacin favorably affects all aspects of dyslipidemia and is the most potent agent available for increasing HLD cholesterol levels. Niacin is available in multiple generic forms and as a combination with various statins (lovastatin: Advicor and simvastatin: Simcor).

What is a Antilipemic used for?

The lipid lowering agents are used to treat hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemias. These agents are some of the most frequently used medications in the United States. They are typically used long term and often in combination.

What is an Antilipemic agent?

These medications usually lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. In addition, they sometimes lower triglyceride (TG) levels and may modestly elevate high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. Antilipemic agents may be of value to patients with hypoalphalipoproteinemia (HA).

Why are statins or HMG CoA reductase inhibitors administered at bedtime quizlet?

They act by inhibiting the enzyme HMG CoA reductase, which controls synthesis of cholesterol in the liver. Most manufacturers of statins recommend that they are taken at night, on the basis of physiological studies which show that most cholesterol is synthesised when dietary intake is at its lowest.

How do Antilipemic drugs work?

It works inhibiting microsomal triglyceride transfer protein. It is the first in a new class of lipid-lowering agents to improve lipoproteins (total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and nonhigh-density lipoprotein cholesterol and (apo B) in patients.

How do fibrates work?

Fibric acid derivatives (fibrates) are a class of medication that lowers blood triglyceride levels. Fibrates lower blood triglyceride levels by reducing the liver’s production of VLDL (the triglyceride-carrying particle that circulates in the blood) and by speeding up the removal of triglycerides from the blood.

Which is the mechanism of action demonstrated by exercise in managing blood glucose levels?

Exercise stimulates the translocation of glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) from the cytoplasm to the cell membrane, thus promoting glucose uptake and improving insulin resistance [30].

Which drug is used to obtain vasodilation in the treatment of chronic heart failure?

Hydralazine decreases systemic resistance through direct vasodilation of arterioles. A hydralazine and nitrate combination reduces preload and afterload.

What are anti Lipidemic drugs?

Clofibrate is a lipid-lowering agent (antilipidemic) used for controlling high cholesterol (anticholesteremic) and triacylglyceride levels in the blood. It increases lipoprotein lipase activity to promote the conversion of VLDL to LDL, thereby reducing VLDL levels.

How fast do fibrates work?

Takes about a week for levels to stabilize. May take several weeks before effects on cholesterol and triglycerides levels are apparent. Fenofibrate lowers total cholesterol by 9 to 13%, VLDL cholesterol by 44 to 49%, triglycerides by 46 to 54%, and apolipoprotein B (Apo B).

What is the best treatment for high triglycerides?

Selected Therapies for Managing Hypertriglyceridemia

Therapy Triglyceride reduction (%) HDL-C increase (%)
Statins 20 to 40 5 to 15
Atorvastatin (Lipitor), 10 to 80 mg daily
Fluvastatin (Lescol), 20 to 80 mg daily at bedtime
Lovastatin (Mevacor), 10 to 80 mg daily at bedtime

What is the best exercise for diabetics?

The Best Exercises If You Have Diabetes

  • Fighting Diabetes? Do It Actively.
  • Walk. It’s a simple way to get exercise and fresh air.
  • Dance. This can be a fun way to get your exercise.
  • Swim. This is one aerobic exercise that doesn’t strain your joints like other ones can.
  • Bike.
  • Climb Stairs.
  • Strength Training.
  • Gardening.

Which is the most potent antilipemic agent available?

Statins are the most potent antilipemic agents available. b. Statins should be taken with food. d. Statins cause mild increases in HDL levels. f. Statins reduce inflammation, platelet aggregation, and plasma viscosity. The nurse transcribes a new order for Lovaza on a patient in a long-term care facility.

What happens to your body when you take an antilipemic?

Nausea, diarrhea, dyspepsia, increase in blood glucose, rhabdomyolysis, myalgia, or muscle spasms may be produced by taking this medication. Rhabdomyolysis is a condition in which damaged skeletal muscle breaks down rapidly, causing muscle pain and weakness.

When to take antilipemic drugs to lower triglycerides?

The antilipemic drugs are indicated to lower cholesterol and triglycerides levels. The National Cholesterol Education Program recommends that nondrug therapy such as diet, exercise, and reduction of other risk factors should be tried first, for at least 6 months, and if not effective, then drug therapy may be indicated. 1

What should a nursing plan include for antilipemic drugs?

5 Develop a nursing care plan that includes all phases of the nursing process for patients receiving antilipemic drugs. Antilipemic drugs Drugs that reduce lipid levels. (p.